Investors Frequently Forget, But Markets Never Do
In Markets Never Forget (But People Do), Ken Fisher demonstrates to readers how their memories play (often costly) tricks on them--and some simple ways to start improving their market-related memories, now. History never repeats itself perfectly, but if you can better understand how investors have reacted to past similar events, you can start learning to shape better forward looking expectations.
For example, in the book Ken shows how investors' memories can go haywire over market averages. Very commonly, investors believe that since over very long periods stocks average about 9% to 10% a year, an average annual return is a reasonable expectation each year. However, as Ken shows, average returns are, in actuality, unusual. This is something investors routinely forget fast. Annual stock market returns normally vary widely and annual returns close to the long-term average occur in just a small number of years.
Just one example of how investors frequently forget but markets never do: Almost uniformly for the first stage of a new bull market--the first year or even two--headlines claim, "No Bull!" or something similar. Many (maybe most) pundits don't want to look silly by being too optimistic. It's not a new bull, they say, but a counter-trend in a longer bear.
But fears normal bull market upward volatility (and yes, volatility can go up, too) is a bear market can occur at any point--and have through history:
March 26, 2009: A financial services CEO warned, "This is a bear market rally, not something more."1 Oops--it was something more. Globally, the bear market bottomed 17 days earlier and runs still as I write.
December 28, 1990: "The market has generally adhered to our bear-market rally forecast since the September-October bottom."2 Actually, the 1990s mega-bull market started in October--two months before this quote.
May 6, 1985: "I still think the recession lurks . . . but continually falling interest rates could ease recession fears enough to cause a healthy bear market rally."3 The bull market that started in August 1982 would run through August 1987, pause for that short 1987 bear, then run to October 1990.
And so on . . .
Interestingly, people frequently think being cautious about a new bull market is prudent. They believe it's better to be wrong and too bearish rather than wrong and too bullish, even though history shows being wrongly bearish can be more harmful to long-term returns if you're growth oriented.